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Articles > Dogs

Urinary Problems / Urinary tract infections

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Tags: Urinary Problems, Urinary Tract Infections, Health Problems, Health, Urinary Disorders, Acquired Disorders

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Urinary Tract infections are more common in cats than in dogs, they are very painful for your pet to have to suffer through. They can be caused by stones in the urinary tract, bladder stones, or a bacterial infection. The sites of the bacteria are usually in the bladder or urethra, which is the passageway to outside of the cat's body. Urinary problems should never be taken lightly, if left untreated they can develop into more serious conditions such as kidney failure.

Feline Urological Syndrome or Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) is basically an inflamed bladder. It is important to note that there could be several reasons why the disease occurs and many doctors over simplify the disease calling it Bladder infection and treating only the symptoms without looking any further for an underlying cause.

Causes



The causes of Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) is hard to determine because it is in fact a group of diseases that are lumped into this category, and in turn the causes will be different in different cats.

The average age of the cat that contracts Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) is 4 years old. Testing in some cats will come up with no discernable cause

  • Some cats will have bladder stones

  • Some will have a urinary infection

  • Some will have a urethral blockage

  • Urinary tract cancer will be found in 1 - 5% of cats tested

  • Again that same percentage will apply to cats that have experienced severe trauma to that area of the body due to being beaten, getting hit by a car etc.

  • In cats of 10 years old and older,

  • About 66% will have renal failure

  • A few others will be incontinent (unable to hold their urine)


  • Symptoms


  • Blood in the urine

  • Straining to urinate

  • Urinating all over the place

  • Urinary blockage (mostly predominant in male cats)

  • Vomiting, nausea, and appetite loss

  • Lethargy

  • Bad smelling urine

  • Licking the urinary opening (usually due to pain)

  • Diagnosis



    It is almost impossible to diagnose a younger cat but in older cats the diagnosis is more readily made by

  • Physical examination, testing for anomalies in the bladder by probing

  • X-ray to determine bladder stones

  • Blood test

  • Urinalysis

  • Urine Culture


  • Treatment does depend upon the underlying problem.

    Types of Treatment



  • A catheter is placed inside the urethra to attempt to unblock or flush out the toxins

  • Fluids are used intravenously for a dehydrated cat

  • Special medication to facilitate normal urine flow

  • Medication to clear up the infection

  • Medication to lubricate the bladder

  • Surgery to remove the blockage if severe

  • Surgery to remove bladder stones

  • Kidney dialysis (for kidney failure)

  • Special diet reduced in proteins

  • Diet reduced in phosphate (special capsules)

  • Potassium supplement

  • Increasing your cat's water intake

  • Anti biotic steroids useful in anemic cats

  • Tranquilizers for stressed cats who are urinating in different places


  • Prognosis



    If your cat shows any of the above-mentioned signs it is important to take it to the veterinarian for an examination. The symptoms could be simply a cause of territorial marking in a multi cat household to a much more serious life threatening disease. The earlier your cat is treated, the better its prognosis will be.


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