The Swedish Warmblood along with the Swedish Ardennes and the North Swedish Horse are one of the few breeds of horse that have a studbook in Sweden. Although, Sweden produces a great number of coldbloods, the warmbloods coming close second, as a strong competitor and also because it is gaining much popularity. They are only bred in the Southern half of Sweden and for the longest time there were no rules or regulations involving their breeding standards. Then later, standards were put in place, which were based on selective breeding and locating the finest pedigrees. The breed was required to go through a series of examinations to be accepted into the stud. The Swedish Warmblood of today is the result.
Like the Swedish Ardennes, the Swedish Warmblood was bred with the wild horses of Sweden until the breeding standards were set for the stud book in 1874. The horses involved in and had the most influence of the breed were the Thoroughbred, Arabian, Trakehner, and the Hanoverian. Also, horses from all over were imported to produce the Swedish Warmblood, from places such as Denmark, Germany, England, Hungary, France, Russia, Spain, and Turkey.
The uses for the Swedish Warmblood vary; they are typically used as a simple riding horse, but also as a driving horse for pulling carriages and such. In the competition ring, they excel in a few different events; they are rather good in the dressage, show jumping, and eventing. Because they show capability in multiple activities and events, the breed is an all around popular horse. They are exported throughout Europe and the United States. The Swedish horses are well-known winners of various Olympiad medals; in the 1988 Seoul Games, thirteen Swedish Warmbloods competing in dressage received six medals.
It has actually been proven that horses existed in what is now Sweden as far back as 4000 B.C.
The Swedish Warmblood Association (SWA) was formed in 1928 and they encouraged by the army to promote the development of uniform mares of high standard. However, the army stopped the use of horses in the 1970s and ever since then the breeding program has been run fully by the Swedish Warmblood Association. The North American branch of the association was established in the 1980s and has become very popular in the United States and Canada.
The Swedish Warmblood is the only warmblood breed that has been bred specifically for riding for over four hundred years; because of this breeding, they have a superior gait and riding abilities. This is what separates them from other breeds of warmblood horses.
Swedish Warmbloods take some time to mature; they don't really reach the full adult maturity until about seven years old. It is not uncommon for horses to grow an extra or more between the ages of five and seven. The younger horses are brought up slowly; they begin their training at the age of three and then they put through serious schooling by the age of four.