My family wants a dog...we have a very allergic dad....someone told me that there are several breeds that woud be okay in the same home....Maltese?....Shitzu?...Is this correct? What about a yorkie?.... Would really appreciate some direction!
The problem with dog allergies is that there are MANY. It may be an allergy to oils in the fur (usually manageable by minimizing contact with a low shed dog), it may be an allergy to dander (common- and harder to avoid, as all dogs have dander) and it may be a saliva allergy (very common- and tends to be bad).
The easiest way to find an appropriate dog is to take your dad to visit an ADULT dog. An allergic person may be fine around a puppy- only to have severe reactions when the puppy grows up. Some people are fine around some members of a breed- but do horribly around others. And your dad MUST be WILLING to medicate himself if an allergy does crop up.
The better allergy dogs tend to have wirey coats- poodles, terriers, etc. They are low shed breeds who have minimal dander. But there are many people who can't even handle THEM! So think about adopting an adult- and visit it a few times with your dad before bringing it home. :)
Poodles are a great option. If thats not your cup of tea - consider a poodle/cross such as a Labradoodle or Goldendoodle for larger dogs or a Bichon Pudel, Sherrier, or Prussian Caniche for smaller dogs.
I agree that taking him around an adult would be the best way to find what dog is right for your family - then go from there. Find the dogs you are compatible with and then make a choice. If you choose not to adopt, just make sure to buy from a good breeder who will take the dog back if things don't work out.
Here is a list of low-shedding dogs that are generally good for allergy sufferers. http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/lightshedders.htm My suggestion would be that for someone with bad dog allergy's is to go to a breeder of a certain type of dog and they will allow you to stay around the dogs or take a sample of the dog hair with you to see what reaction, if any will occur. Labradoodles and goldendoodles as mentioned are generally good, although depending on the coat type some are more lab-like and golden-like thus shedding more. Poodles are thought to be the best for allergy sufferers.
One person's allergy actually vary greatly from another person's. So it doesn't mean that for example your friend is allergic to poodle, so as your dad will be allergic too. It would be best for your dad to visit the dog to see if he is allergic to eat before you conclude, however, through my research as someone at home is as well allergic to furrs and i always wanted to have furry dogs too. So breeds that I have gathered that are hypoallergenic are the following: