i understand the AKC rules for havanese but how can they apply when i find my new puppy, they seem to young to make me able to know temperment and such. how does one make a judgement ( other then the breeder saying all is as it should be)??
Are you planning to show this Havanese? If not, then much of the AKC standard for the puppy doesn't really matter much. As far as temperament goes watch the puppies interact with each other. Watch which ones are dominant or submissive, playfulness and how they interact with you. Your puppy will look you in the eyes when you hold him on his back. You want the puppy who is not too dominant, who is confidant, playful and loving. The rest of the standard you want to make sure the pigment on the nose, mouth and rings around the eyes are black. Check the bite, should be scissors. Take a copy of the standard to the breeder's and have her evaluate. If the breeder is not able to tell or work with you, fop somewhere else. Just remember, as puppies grow, they can grow into the standard or out of the standard. If you're committed to a dog that matches the standard, go for an older puppy or young dog. That way you can tell the exact conformation. Note: I'm a breeder of Coton de Tulear, not Havanese. But am very familiar for they are close cousins.
I forgot to mention to find a reputable breeder and to make sure the coat is nice and fluffy. As the dog ages the hair will lengthen and become "silky" to the touch. And check the eyes to make sure they are clear and free of discharge. Eye problems are very common to this breed.