a puppy mill is a term for reckless breeders who try to mass produce puppies ofetn without care or regard to the dogs. dogs usually live horrible conditions and often have health and temperment problems. byb is a back yard breeder. this a term given to people who own a dog or two and breed them, 'just because' they usually have little knowledge about breeding and do it almost as an experiment or in a effort to make a few bucks.
i am do not know any in particular, but with out a doubt there are. it is an epindemic to dogs everywhere. it is hard to stop breeding dogs is not illegal and loosly regulated it only gets dealt with once the damage is done and the damage usually was to be really bad before authorities can prove anything.
the vast majority of breeders who advertise in yoru local newspaper are backyard breeders. The dogs may or may not be registered, may or may not be purebred. The dogs come from 'champion bloodlines!'... but seriously, on a 4 generation pedigree, a single champion at any point in the dog's pedigree technically makes it from champion bloodlines. Health tested, shots, and wormed are also common.
Reputable breeders also advertise in the newspaper, but you will know them because their ads will say things like 'champion sire' or 'pointed dam'. Often you will see abbreviations like OFA hips and elbows, CERF (for eyes), health guarantees, etc. If their dog is of a breed that can be AKC registered, it is. Reputable breeders register their dogs with the AKC, the UKC, or the ARBA, possibly the ADBA. Not hte National KEnnel club, the APRI, the APR, the ContKC or any of those other hack registries.
i am not a breeder, i am dog trainer by hobby and a dog entusisit by passion. the only thing a purebreed means there is a documented lineage of ancestors from the same breed. it does not guarntee health or temperment. if you did not get a health guarntee and have not signed anything yet, i would halt the purchase. and ask if you can get one. what kind of dog is it?
A puppy mill is a place where female dogs are stacked ontop of other wire cages or kept in blow up pools surround by chciken wire. They have no food, no healthcare and are forced to breed. these puppies often end up in pet stores. It is a horrible thing
A backyard breeder is basically someone who breeds a lot of dogs in horrible conditions
Nope but I know a lot of breeders and have learned a lot from them and from my own curiosity.
If your chihuahua does not come with a health guarantee, and the parents have not been OFAed for knees/elbows or CERFed for eyes, I'd be careful. AKC is a registry, and is not an indication of quality (though generally speaking I'd trust an AKC registered dog before I would a ContKC one..)
house training, is best done with a crate. if your knowledgeable yet on crate training it''s easy. crate the dog when you cannot watch it. some even crate the dog till it is potty. i personaly will clean up a few accidents. let the dog out of the crate and immediatly go outside. do not play or do anything give the dog 3-5 minutes. if they do not go return the dog to the crate. prasie when the dog goes and even offer a treat after going. if the dog should go in the house. do not discpline, simply interrupt the dog with the least amount of drama necassary walk the dog to the door and let him fininish. socilaizeing is even simpler take the dog to as many places as you can. find a dog park (but wait fir that if the dog is not fully vaccinated) try to get the dog used to as many things as possible. if the dog is shy do not protect but encourage social behavior.
here is a very graphic explanation...complete with pictures and videos of what a puppymill is...Its equivalent to a Living hell for humans...and these puppies are born and raised into this mess. http://www.stoppuppymills.org/
Puppy mills also are the primary place that petshops get their puppies from. What they do is go through several 'breeders'. The breeders can have upward of 10 plus breeds of dogs. They are kept in kennels and repeatedly breed without being tested. Most of the time their living conditions are horrible. What the petstore does is employ a 'broker'. The broker is the one responsible for going out the 'breeders' location and picking up the puppies. Usually they are taking away from their mothers WAY too young, because the 'breeders' are located in a different state, and the petstores want the puppies to arrive right when they are 8 weeks old so that they are 'cuter' to sell. So the broker will pay something like 200 for each puppy they pick up, loads them into a van of sorts in numerous kennels, and then makes the long drive back. Usually by the time the puppies get there, they are dirty from being in their filth in the car, and sick from the ride or other diseases they already had a result of being kennel bred. The broker then 'cleans them up' and sells them to the petstore for something like 400. Which in turn, the petstore goes and sells them to the public for like 600 or more. That's why petshops are so expensive.
For potty training, will you be training the pup to go outside, or do you want him/her to be litterbox or paper trained? Usually people with Chihuahuas prefer the litter/paper training, but either work just fine :)
Lol, well, mine does, but I don't use the 'doggy litter' they advertise. That stuff is so big that it's just too hard for those little feet to walk on :)
What I did was buy a Great Dane size kennel. If you can't do that, you could put the pup in a laundry room or bathroom or something. Lay down newspapers (or you can buy 'puppy pads') at one end, and his blankets and food at the other. It should be big enough that his sleeping area is completely separate from his business area. Instead of taking him outside to go potty, take him to the papers/pads and say 'go potty' over and over. If he doesn't go, leave him there and ignore him for like 15 minutes. Keep coming back and saying go potty. As soon as he goes, praise like crazy and give him a treat and let him out to run around the house. But don't leave him unsupervised. If he can't be watched, even if you're just talking on the phone or whatnot, put him back in his area. He shouldn't have free roam of the house until he is reliably potty trained. Soon, he will learn to go on command because he will learn that going potty means coming out. He will also learn that going on papers/pads are okay, so he can be trained to go on those in other areas. Once he's at that step, buy a large litter box and put the pads/papers in that and place it in the room of the house he will be in the most. Usually a corner of the living room. If he starts to sniff, take him to the litter box. If he starts having accidents, start over and put him in his area again. With my Chihuahua, she is so used to going in that big kennel I bought, that she will just go back to that, so you can do that too if you don't want to have a box in the living room. Just make sure that wherever his area or kennel is, that its easy to get to. If he has to go upstairs or through several rooms, it's probably too far away. If he won't go his area on his own, just periodically through out the day take him there and say go potty. With my Chihuahua at first, when she woke up, I told her to go potty, and then when she went I let her out for a few hours, and then would keep taking her back there throughout the day until she learned to go there on her own.
***Edited By: Huntersmom on 5/6/2005 9:29:31 PM*** Reason: added
We crate trained my other dog. He slept in a crate and we would pick him up and take him outside before and tell him to go. Then sometimes throughout the day we would take him out. At night we would take him out before we went to bed. Then repeat the next day. HE learned very quickly. It only took like 2 weeks.
Ok. So what about breeders who have a seperate nursery for puppies with their moms that is spacious and each dog has its own little kennel that is plenty large enough. BUt the breeder has alot of dogs but only one breed. Would that be considered a puppy mill?