1 yr is too young. They may be physically ready, but not emotionally mature enough. It is like getting a 12-yr-old girl pregnant. You know someone else is going to be the primary caretaker. It is the same in dogs. You are more apt to lose pups and/or having to supplement or bottle feed.
That is the practical side. Here is the ethical side. If you want to be a responsible, ethical breeder; you'll have to wait until they are at least 2 yrs old. This is b/c you can't test for many of the diseases until then. It is more ethical to wait and get your dog tested. We don't want to be putting sick puppies into the world for some shelter to deal with, do we?
In the meantime, you can work on a title for your dog. Conformation, obedience, Rally, whatever your dog was bred for! It is fun, and will give you a network of puppy buyers and breeders to work with. I do not think a title is the end all, though. There are many dogs that have amazing breed type, but do not show well for whatever reason. I know in my breed (Siberian Husky) the AKC does not give titles for Working Sled dog or pack dog. Only the Siberian Husky Club of America does.
So there it is... I have yet to breed my dogs. I'm working on getting them finished (champion) in conformation, and seeing how they work in harness to prove their worth first. I've been involved with my breed for over 10 yrs, and researching pedigrees and breeding practices for the last 2-3 yrs so I would know what I was talking about/going for in my lines. A responsible breeder is very patient!
Good luck! I hope you do the right thing.
Edit: Forgot to mention that you should not breed a bitch past the age of 6 or 7, and a dog will start to have less motility after that. They should enjoy their retirement!
I have seen dogs that when bred at 1 year were wonder-moms. I have also seen some that basically puppy incubators and had to have things done for them. Each dog is different. Personally, I would wait a bit, at least until they are 18 months or so. Some dogs aren't fully grown until 18 months to 2 years. Also, it is timing for what is going on in your life. If you try to plan ahead, it will be less stress on the bitch as well.
What about the ethics, maleficent53? There ain't no way I would knowingly add to the terrible shelter overpopulation. I spent my morning trying to keep the dogs at the shelter from giving up and trying to give them some loving and hope. No way would I want one of my dogs or puppies to EVER be in that situation...JMHO.
2 years old is the best recommended age. You cannot OFA their hips until this age. Many other genetic health tests are recommended after this more mature age.
I had someone contact me for stud service a while back. They told me this was their female's second season. I questioned how old she was. "Not quite 2" is what they said. I asked them to send over their health testing records which they did. The bitch was only 13 months old. A far cry from not quite 2.
Heart testing is important in my breed. I asked if they had done the testing with a Cardiologist. They said yes. I looked at what they sent me and it was their normal vet. I questioned this and they claimed "Oh, I thought she was a Cardiologist but maybe I am wrong".
Red flags tend to go up with responsible breeders when someone inquires to breed their 1 year old. For reasons as I stated above. I am glad you asking the questions beforehand. Kudos!
Depends on the breed of dog! Some mature mentally and physically at different rates. Rule of thumb-not on the first cycle for any age or breed. After the first cycle passes, take your loved one to the vet for an exam. He will be able to assist you with that decision. No breeding should take place before this time regardless of age. Good luck.
Quality is not expensive, it's priceless. I love blues!