The backyard breeder (BYB) is a much used and abused term to generally describe someone not serious or ethical about their breeding. However, there are pet owners, other breeders, rescuers and some animal rights organizations who call just about anyone they don't like "backyard breeders" and the term is just used to death. I define a "backyard breeder" as someone not serious about the breed, not focused on improving the breed, has no interest in breeding healthy dogs or dogs that conform to breed standard and may not even care if the puppies they are producing are from pedigreed parents of known lineage but more interested in having and/or selling puppies for their own financial gain/enjoyment.
The problem with the term "backyard breeder" is that it seems to imply that anyone with a small, select breeding program based out of their home is a "backyard" breeder. Just my observation, but I find there are just as many "backyard breeders" who have fairly large kennel operations. Although, I guess that they could be on the cusp of being defined as a small operation commercial breeder.
Typical reasons the backyard breeder gives for breeding are:
• all my friend's want a pup like her/him • he/she has papers THIS long! • he/she is so beautiful it would be a shame not to breed him/her • the kids want to see puppies born • she/he has awesome papers • I want another one just like him/her • I paid "X" amount for him/her - I'm getting my money back • "red" / "blue" (you name it) colors in this breed of dog are rare - that is why I am breeding • his head, chest, legs, (insert physical characteristic) is (insert size) inches around!
Back yard breeders do a great disservice to the breed of dog they are breeding because usually the puppies that are producing are of a very common quality. Many of these dogs will eventually end up in shelters where they will end their short lives with a needle stick to their foreleg.
* Parts of this post are excepts from Diane Jessups book The Working Pit Bull
***Edited By: DeputyDog on 5/17/2010 9:00:56 PM*** Reason: Credit
You can't win if you don't play the game -- Me!
All cruelty stems from weakness -- Seneca
Sometimes a dog is as good as any man -- Bell/Houser
I feel a back yard breeder is any idiot who has 2 unaltered dogs, and put them together because it is cool, or they want money. The have little or no concern for the animals, and have never considered the possibility of a pregnancy gone wrong. No health testing, and have no idea what a breed standard is much less the knowledge to conform to it.
A puppy mill is a large commercial kennel, that has absolutely no care for the well being of the animal no matter what age. If it can not be bred, it is killed. can not be sold it is killed, sick it is killed, etc. They have no plans to dip into profits to perform basic vet. care, or pet care for that matter.
I feel that a reputable breeder does most health testing needed, at least the basics. Also I feel a reputable breeder also, shows, trails, something with their dogs (i know we have all argued this point before). I also prefer to see litters whelped in a home, or other climate controlled place where breeder can be their for anything gone wrong. I see very few large commercial kennels as reputable due to the amount of dogs usually associated with them. I do put into exception alot of AKC/UKC show/breed kennels.