is your pup in obedience class? socialization is the key/your pup is still young enough for this, there are several types of classes, you really want to get her in so she doesn't become fearful. this could cause a fear agression later on in her life. that's really different for a golden, my son and his wife have a 5month old male and he is just the opposite. not afraid of anything, he just bounces all over the place. their problem is housebreaking, been very difficult since they both work. get with a professional trainor and take your pet to see what training would be the best to help get her out of her fears. good luck
I had this problem with one of my dogs . I just gave her tons of socialization,and never forced her into anything.As she got older she out grew a lot of it except loud noises.She was always terrified of loud noises.
Dogs seem to go through a fear state at about 4 to 8 months of age. You just have to work past it, with lots of socialization. If I were you, I'd take her to a local store that allows pets like Petsmart and just spend the day in there. Do not reassure her when she freaks out or acts frightened, you may actually encourage the scared behavior. You reassure her and she thinks, "OMG she's reassuring me! That means I *definitely* need to be scared!" Ignore her when she acts scared, just stand there and act like nothing scary is going on. But don't drag her along toward whatever she's scared of either until she's calmed down a little. Buy a bag of some yummy treats (from the petsmart if you can, so you're not just loitering ;), and stand near the door (or just outside) and offer them to people who want to pet your dog. That way she gets rewarded for being bold enough to go up to people. Enroll her in a puppy class or obedience class, so she can be around other dogs and learn to focus on you instead of the big scary world.
I agree with Minniyar----socialization is key to helping a shyer puppy. Any breed, including Goldens can have different temperaments. We have a 6-yr old goofy, laid back one and a 5-month old bouncy, independant one. Don't coddle and baby them (I know it's hard because we want them to feel safe) when they are fearful---this will reinforce to them that they should be afraid. Think of a little child falling down and getting hurt---if we make a big deal out of it, they cry harder and longer, but if we act like it's okay and they are okay, then they will think they are okay. I hope that made some sort of sense!!!---Good Luck!
Try giving your puppy loud objects to play with, such as a metal spoon with peanut butter or a milk carton. You can also try putting down loud surfaces to walk on, such as bubble wrap, with a treat in the middle to encourage bravery. Also, don't cuddle your puppy or comfort him.